Sandra Nevoux is a Research Economist at Banque de France, at the Directorate General Statistics, Economics and International Relations (DGSEI), at the Department for Microeconomic and Structural Analysis (SEPS).
She holds a PhD in Economics from École Polytechnique. Her research interests include Labor Economics, Applied Microeconomics, Public Economics and Geographical Economics, with a focus on Short-Time Work. As part of her PhD, she was affiliated to the Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) and she also worked at the Statistical Department of the French Labor Ministry (DARES). She graduated from the Master’s Degree in Economics and Public Policy of École Polytechnique, Paris Graduate School of Economics, Statistics and Finance (ENSAE) and Paris Institute for Political Studies (Sciences Po).
Phone: +33 (0)1 42 92 40 26
Address: 46-2403 DGEI-DEMS-SEPS, 31 Rue Croix des Petits-Champs, 75001 PARIS, FRANCE
Research Economist at Banque de France, at the Directorate General Statistics, Economics and International Relations (DGSEI), at the Department for Microeconomic and Structural Analysis (SEPS)
Labor Economics, Applied Microeconomics, Public Economics and Geographical Economics
2013 - 2018: Market Researcher at the Statistical Department of the French Labor Ministry (DARES)
This paper aims at assessing the local diffusion of short-time work. We argue that the geographical proximity of establishments having already used short-time work in the past constitutes an information channel regarding this scheme. Relying on distance-based methods, our stylized facts highlight the spatial and dynamic concentration of short-time work use in France between 2002 and 2014. Our econometric analysis reveals that (i) the local information about short-time work constitutes a determinant of its use, (ii) it attenuates rapidly in the first kilometers and (iii) this information is both transmitted within and between sectors. We interpret this significant spatial concentration of short-time use, after controlling for the determinants of short-time work at the establishment level, as an evidence of information spillovers.
Cahuc, P. and Nevoux, S. (2017). Inefficient short-time work. Discussion Paper 11010, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
This paper shows that the reforms which expanded short-time work in France after the great 2008-2009 recession were largely to the benefit of large firms which are recurrent short-time work users. We argue that this expansion of short-time work is an inefficient way to provide insurance to workers, as it entails cross-subsidies which reduce aggregate production. An efficient policy should provide unemployment insurance benefits funded by experience rated employers’ contributions instead of short-time work benefits. We find that short-time work entails significant production losses compared to an unemployment insurance scheme with experience rating.
Cahuc, P., Kramarz, F., and Nevoux, S. (2018). When short-time work works. Discussion Paper 11673, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
Short-time work programs were revived by the Great Recession. To understand their operating mechanisms, we first provide a model showing that short-time work may save jobs in firms hit by strong negative revenue shocks, but not in less severely-hit firms, where hours worked are reduced, without saving jobs. The cost of saving jobs is low because short-time work targets those at risk of being destroyed. Using extremely detailed data on the administration of the program covering the universe of French establishments, we devise a causal identification strategy based on the geography of the program that demonstrates that short-time work saved jobs in firms faced with large drops in their revenues during the Great Recession, in particular when highly levered, but only in these firms. The measured cost per saved job is shown to be very low relative to that of other employment policies.
Cahuc, P. et Nevoux, S. (2018). Inefficient short-time work. Note 33.
Nevoux, S. (2018). Les enjeux du recours à l’activité partielle. Les Notes de la Mission « Animation de la Recherche » 1.
Nevoux, S., Otte, L., et Roumier, B. (2017). L’activité partielle en 2015. Résultats 48.
Beauvoir, R. et Nevoux, S. (2016). L’activité partielle en 2014. Résultats 1.
Beauvoir, R., Calavrezo, O., et Nevoux, S. (2015). L’activité partielle en 2013. Analyses 26.
Nevoux, S. (2019). L'activité partielle, un instrument efficace de lutte contre le chômage
« Il faut instaurer un bonus-malus sur le recours à l'activité partielle » dans Les Echos du 25 juillet 2018.
« Chômage : les effets pervers de l'activité partielle » dans Le Figaro du 25 juillet 2018.
Nevoux, S. (2018). L’activité partielle préserve-t-elle l’emploi ? Lettre d’Information 32.
Updated on: 09/04/2019 14:44