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Key figures on banknotes and coins

Discover the volume and value of cash in circulation, the main developments and the breakdown by denomination.



Since the euro cash changeover in January 2002, the concept of currency circulation is not relevant nationally.

Because of the lack of measurement of banknotes's migration, this indicator is only relevant at the level of the Eurosystem, and represents the overall volume of banknotes and coins in circulation, including those outside the Eurozone.

At the national level, the concept used is the net issuance, representing the cumulative sum of the differences between the withdrawals and the lodgments of each National Central Bank since the introduction of the euro.

Updated on: 01/17/2023 09:45