France's balance of payments 2022Dec

Published on 7 February 2023

The current account deficit decreased in the fourth quarter

In the fourth quarter of 2022, the current account deficit (seasonally and working-day adjusted data) stood at 19.3 billion euros, a decrease of 2.7 billion compared to the third quarter (which showed a deficit of 22 billion). The goods deficit decreased to 35.7 billion euros (after 38.8 billion in Q3), due to the reduction of the energy bill to 27 billion (from 35 billion in Q3). The surplus on services diminished to 8.8 billion euros from 10 billion euros in Q3.

Over the quarter, the financial account balance (not seasonally adjusted) recorded net capital inflows of 12 billion euros. Net outflows in loans and deposits (50.7 billion euros in the fourth quarter) were offset by net inflows in portfolio investment (58.3 billion euros).

In 2022, the current account deficit widened to 53.5 billion euros after a surplus of 9.0 billion in 2021. The goods deficit continued to deteriorate and reached 110.1 billion (against 41.0 billion in 2021) due to the energy bill, while the deficit of goods excluding energy remained relatively stable (24.4 billion in 2022 after 26.4 in 2021). The surplus of services improved and reached 49.9 billion (after 36.4 billion in 2021).

France's balance of payments
(EUR billions) Dec- 2022
Q3 2022
Q4 2022

Cum. Fig.
4 quarter
Current account (seasonally and working-day adjusted) -8.5 -22.0 -19.3 -53.5 9.0
Goods (1) -13.7 -38.8 -35.7 -134.4 -67.4
Energy -10.4 -35.0 -27.0 -110.1 -41.0
Goods excl. Energy -3.4 -3.8 -8.7 -24.4 -26.4
Services 2.7 10.0 8.8 49.9 36.4
Travel 1.4 1.2 3.5 14.3 5.1
Transport services 0.9 7.0 3.5 24.5 16.5
Professional and management consulting services, Research and development and Technical services , trade-related and other business services 0.6 1.1 1.8 8.6 10.9
Other services (2) -0.2 0.8 0.0 2.5 4.0
Primary and secondary income (3) 2.5 6.8 7.6 31.0 40.0
Capital account (not adjusted) 0.6 3.2 1.7 10.6 11.7
Financial account (not adjusted) 16.1 -32.0 -12.0 -93.1 3.0
Direct investment -2.9 4.8 -1.7 7.7 -9.7
- Abroad 7.3 28.4 19.6 89.6 64.9
- In France 10.2 23.6 21.3 81.9 74.6
Portfolio investment -69.2 -75.2 -58.3 -110.0 -5.3
-Assets -51.8 -20.4 -37.2 7.8 98.8
-Liliabilities 17.4 54.8 21.0 117.7 104.1
Financial derivatives 0.8 -13.4 -4.4 -34.0 17.8
Loans and deposits (4) ) 85.8 51.4 50.7 41.3 -22.6
Reserve assets 1.6 0.4 1.7 1.9 22.8
Net errors and omissions 14.9 -14.8 -6.6 -49.9 -17.7
(a) Provisional data (b) Annual report 2021 data
(1) to (4) See methodological notes on page 2.
Source and production : BANQUE DE FRANCE - DGSEI
Current account balance and its components
(Billion euros, seasonally and working-day adjusted data)
Methodological notes relating to page 1
(1) Data on trade in goods are FOB-FOB values, which means without cost, insurance and freight. The latter expenditure is recorded in the services item. Exchanges of goods include general merchandise as published by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise (DGDDI) on one side, merchanting and methodological adjustments calculated by the Banque de France, on the other side. It ensures the comparability of French balance of payments with those of other countries and its conformity with the international standards set by International Monetary Fund. The key underlying concept in balance of payments is the economic ownership (as for the national accounts).
(2) Services other than travel (tourism and professional travels), transport services, professional and management consulting services, R&D and development and technical services, trade-related and other business services include manufacturing, maintenance and repair, construction, insurance and pension services, financial services, charges for the use of intellectual property, telecommunication, computer and information services, personal, cultural and recreational services and government goods and services.
(3) Income includes primary and secondary incomes. Primary income refers to the flows received by economic agents for their participation in the production process ("compensation of employees") or for the provision of financial assets ("investment income") or for the rental of natural resources ("rent"). Taxes and subsidies on products and production are also included in primary income. Secondary income records current transfers between residents and non-residents. A transfer is a transaction that involves the provision of a good, service, financial asset or another non-produced asset without receiving something of economic value in exchange.
(4) The "other investment" (loans and deposits) component of the financial account includes all transactions in financial assets and liabilities with non-residents that do not concern direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives or reserve assets. In practice, this mainly concerns bank deposits and interbank lending, as well as loans and deposits made by insurance companies and all kinds of investment companies and funds.

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Balance of paymentsSTAT INFO - December 2022
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Updated on 6 February 2023