France's balance of payments 2023Jan

The current account deficit decreased in January
The current account deficit (seasonally and working-day adjusted data) stood at 3.6 billion euros in January after a deficit of 7.6 billion in December. The improvement of the current account balance was mainly driven by the decrease of the deficit of goods, due to the reduction of the energy bill (-7.8 billion euros in January against -9.4 billion the previous month). Moreover, the services surplus increased by 1.0 billion euros to reach 3.7 billion.

The financial account (not seasonally adjusted) showed net capital inflows of 3.7 billion euros. Portfolio investment recorded net outflows of 16.6 billion euros, offset by net inflows in loans and deposits of 15.6 billion euros.

France's balance of payments
(EUR billions)
Dec- 2022
Jan- 2023
Current account (seasonally and working-day adjusted) -41.5 9.0 -7.6 -3.6
Goods (1) -59.1 -67.4 -12.8 -10.4
Energy -23.9 -41.0 -9.4 -7.8
Goods excl. Energy -35.2 -26.4 -3.4 -2.6
Services 18.7 36.4 2.7 3.7
Travel 4.2 5.1 1.5 1.6
Transport services -0.7 16.5 0.8 0.5
Professional and management consulting services, Research and development and Technical services, trade-related and other business services 9.0 10.9 0.7 0.2
Other services (2) 6.2 4.0 -0.3 1.4
Primary and secondary income (3) -1.1 40.0 2.5 3.1
Capital account (not adjusted) 2.1 11.7 0.6 0.0
Financial account (not adjusted) -54.3 3.0 16.1 -3.7
Direct investment 5.5 -9.7 -2.9 1.3
Abroad 17.0 64.9 7.3 5.5
In France 11.5 74.6 10.2 4.2
Portfolio investment -33.1 -5.3 -69.2 16.6
Assets 141.2 98.8 -51.8 71.4
Liabilities 174.3 104.1 17.4 54.8
Financial derivatives -23.8 17.8 0.8 3.0
Loans and deposits(4) -6.8 -22.6 85.8 -15.6
Reserve assets 4.0 22.8 1.6 -9.0
Net errors and omissions -14.8 -17.7 14.9 -6.6
(a) Yearly 2021 data (b) Provisional data
(1) to (4) See methodological notes on page 2.
Source and production: BANQUE DE FRANCE - DGSEI
Current account balance and its components (billion euros, seasonally and working-day adjusted data)
Methodological notes relating to page 1 table

(1) Data on trade in goods are FOB-FOB values, which means without cost, insurance and freight. This expenditure is recorded in the services item. Exchanges of goods cover General merchandise published by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise (DGDDI) on one side, merchanting and methodological adjustments calculated by the Banque de France, on the other side. In order to ensure the comparability of French balance of payments with those of other countries and conformity with the international standards, the international standard for Balance of Payments statistics is released under the aegis of the International Monetary Fund. The key concept for the balance of payments is the concept of economic ownership which is consistent with the national accounts.
(2) Services other than travel (tourism and professional travels), transport services, professional and management consulting services, R&D and development and technical services, trade-related and other business services include manufacturing, maintenance and repair, construction, insurance and pension services, financial services, charges for the use of intellectual property, telecommunication, computer and information services, personal, cultural and recreational services and government goods and services.
(3) Income includes primary and secondary incomes. Primary income refers to the flows received by economic agents for their participation in the production process ("compensation of employees") or for the provision of financial assets ("investment income") or for the rental of natural resources ("rent"). Taxes and subsidies on products and production are also included in primary income. Secondary income records current transfers between residents and non-residents. A transfer is a transaction that involves the provision of a good, service, financial asset or another non-produced asset without receiving something of economic value in exchange.
(4) The "other investment" (loans and deposits) component of the financial account includes all transactions in financial assets and liabilities with non-residents that do not concern direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives or reserve assets. In practice, this mainly concerns bank deposits and interbank lending, as well as loans and deposits made by insurance companies and all kinds of investment companies and funds.

More information on methodology, time series, calendar
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Balance of paymentsSTAT INFO - January 2023
Stat Info Balance of payments
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