France's balance of payments 2021Aug

The current account deficit narrowed in August
In August, the current account deficit stood at 1.3 billion euros, an improvement of 2.1 billion euros compared to July (working day and seasonally adjusted data). The goods deficit narrowed by 1.1 billion euros to 5.4 billion euros, driven by the improvement in goods excluding energy. The services surplus increased by 0.9 billion euros to 3.7 billion euros, in particular tanks to consulting services and to a lesser extent to travels.

In the financial account (non-seasonally adjusted), capital inflows exceeded outflows by 13.6 billion euros. Net inflows were observed for loans and deposits (45.1 billion euros), while outflows for portfolio investment amounted to 8.4 billion euros. The increase in the allocation of Special Drawing Rights decided by the IMF on August 2nd 2021 led to a rise in reserve assets of 23.2 billion euros, offset by an increase in "loans and deposits" liabilities.

France's balance of payments
(EUR billions)
2019 (a) 2020 (a) Jul- 2021 (b) Aug-2021 (b)
Current account (seasonally and working-day adjusted) -7.1 -43.7 -3.4 -1.3
Goods (1) -46.6 -59.9 -6.5 -5.4
Energy -42.7 -24.4 -3.1 -3.2
Goods excl. Energy -4.0 -35.5 -3.4 -2.2
Services 24.0 16.4 2.8 3.7
Travel 11.6 4.2 0.5 0.6
Transport services -4.0 -2.7 1.4 1.6
Professional and management consulting services, Research and development and Technical services, trade-related and other business services 6.8 7.3 0.3 0.7
Other services (2) 9.6 7.6 0.5 0.8
Primary and secondary income (3) 15.6 -0.2 0.3 0.4
Capital account (not adjusted) 2.0 2.0 0.1 0.3
Financial account (not adjusted) -19.6 -52.5 -3.5 -13.6
Direct investment 4.9 36.0 6.7 0.1
Abroad 56.1 45.9 8.3 0.6
In France 51.3 9.9 1.6 0.5
Portfolio investment -68.7 -36.4 -8.8 8.4
Assets 62.5 144.3 20.9 8.0
Liabilities 131.2 180.7 29.7 -0.5
Financial derivatives 3.7 -23.8 -6.6 -0.1
Loans and deposits(4) 37.8 -32.3 5.0 -45.1
Reserve assets 2.8 4.0 0.2 23.1
Net errors and omissions -14.5 -10.8 -2.9 -14.6
a) Annual report 2020 data (b) Provisional data
(1) to (4) See methodological notes on page 2.
Source and production: BANQUE DE FRANCE - DGSEI
Current account - Goods and services balance
Methodological notes relating to pages 1 and 3

(1) Data on trade in goods are FOB-FOB values, which means without cost, insurance and freight. This expenditure is recorded in the services item. Exchanges of goods cover General merchandise published by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise (DGDDI) on one side, merchanting and methodological adjustments calculated by the Banque de France, on the other side. In order to ensure the comparability of French balance of payments with those of other countries and conformity with the international standards, the international standard for Balance of Payments statistics is released under the aegis of the International Monetary Fund. The key concept for the balance of payments is the concept of economic ownership which is consistent with the national accounts.
(2) Services other than travel (tourism and professional travels), transport services, professional and management consulting services, R&D and development and technical services, trade-related and other business services include manufacturing, maintenance and repair, construction, insurance and pension services, financial services, charges for the use of intellectual property, telecommunication, computer and information services, personal, cultural and recreational services and government goods and services.
(3) Income includes primary and secondary incomes. Primary income refers to the flows received by economic agents for their participation in the production process ("compensation of employees") or for the provision of financial assets ("investment income") or for the rental of natural resources ("rent"). Taxes and subsidies on products and production are also included in primary income. Secondary income records current transfers between residents and non-residents. A transfer is a transaction that involves the provision of a good, service, financial asset or another non-produced asset without receiving something of economic value in exchange.
(4) The "other investment" (loans and deposits) component of the financial account includes all transactions in financial assets and liabilities with non-residents that do not concern direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives or reserve assets. In practice, this mainly concerns bank deposits and interbank lending, as well as loans and deposits made by insurance companies and all kinds of investment companies and funds.
Revisions Q2 2021
Not seasonally adjusted, EUR billions
Current publications Previous publications Revisions
(a) (b) (a-b)
Q2 Q2 Q2
Current account -6.0 -10.5 4.5
Goods (1) -14.4 -12.1 -2.3
Energy -8.2 -8.2 0.0
Goods excl. Energy -6.2 -3.9 -2.3
Services 7.8 7.2 0.6
Travel 0.1 -0.2 0.3
Transport services 2.4 2.5 -0.1
Professional and management consulting services, Research and development and Technical services, trade-related and other business services 2.6 1.8 0.8
Other services (2) 2.7 3.1 -0.4
Primary and secondary income (3) 0.5 -5.6 6.1
Capital account 0.5 0.3 0.2
Financial account -18.0 -7.2 -10.8
Direct investment 3.1 6.9 -3.8
Abroad 22.9 10.5 12.4
In France 19.9 3.5 16.4
Portfolio investment 5.2 14.4 -9.2
Assets 33.8 40.3 -6.5
Liabilities 28.6 25.9 2.7
Financial derivatives 11.4 11.4 0.0
Loans and deposits(4) -38.4 -40.6 2.2
Reserve assets 0.7 0.7 0.0
Net errors and omissions -12.4 3.0 -15.4
More information on methodology, time series, calendar
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Balance of paymentsSTAT INFO - August 2021
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France's balance of payments
  • Published on 10/07/2021
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Published on Thursday, October 7, 2021