Business failures - France 2022Apr

The number of corporate bankruptcies remains low close to 31,000 over the last 12 months

  • By the end of April 2022, the number of corporate bankruptcies over one year (between May 2021 and April 2022) is 30,915. This is 30 % lower than the cumulative number of bankruptcies recorded two years ago (between May 2019 and April 2020) and 43 % lower than three years ago (between May 2018 and April 2019), which is a period entirely before the COVID 19 crisis (see Figure 1). At this stage, there are no signs of a wave of insolvencies in the future.

  • Interpreting the increase of 7.4 % with respect to the cumulative number of bankruptcies recorded last year (between May 2020 and April 2021) calls for caution since the latter includes the first months of the Covid-19 crisis. At the time, the temporary closure of commercial courts, the adoption of regulations temporarily granting additional time to both assess and report insolvency, and, later, the cash support measures to avoid the occurrence of insolvency resulted in a reduction of corporate bankruptcies.
To find out more: data on business start-ups are reported by the French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE): Business start-ups on the INSEE's website
A - Corporate bankruptcies by sector
Bankruptcies in number of legal units, year on year change (%)
Aggregate over the last 12 months (a) (gross data)
Mar. 20 Mar. 21 Mar. 22 Mar. 22/Mar. 21 Mar. 22/Mar. 20 Apr. 22 prov. Apr. 22/Apr. 21 Mar. 22/Mar. 20
Business sector
Agriculture, forestry and fishing (AZ) 1,276 971 1,072 10.4% -16.0% 1,044 1.8% -13.7%
Industry (BE) 3,177 1,822 2,010 10.3% -36.7% 2,119 14.4% -29.3%
Construction (FZ) 10,233 5,462 6,410 17.4% -37.4% 6,491 14.1% -31.4%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G) 10,389 5,978 6,560 9.7% -36.9% 6,756 10.1% -30.4%
Transportation and storage (H) 1,966 1,090 1,286 18.0% -34.6% 1,372 23.8% -24.7%
Accommodation and food service activities (I) 6,258 3,505 3,225 -8.0% -48.5% 3,391 -3.3% -41.8%
Information and communication (JZ) 1,253 827 928 12.2% -25.9% 936 11.3% -21.5%
Financial and insurance activities (KZ) 999 667 700 4.9% -29.9% 723 8.9% -25.5%
Real estate activities (LZ) 1,475 1,182 1,235 4.5% -16.3% 1,202 -2.5% -13.3%
Advisory & Business support activities (MN) 5,382 3,583 3,829 6.9% -28.9% 3,924 6.5% -21.7%
Education, human health and social work services, Arts, entertainment and recreation, Other service activities (P to S) 4,510 2,906 2,841 -2.2% -37.0% 2,889 -2.2% -32.4%
All firms (b) 47,105 28,073 30,163 7.4% -36.0% 30,915 7.4% -29.8%
Source: Banque de France - database: Fiben. Data available in early May 2022: final for March, provisional for April.
Calculation : Banque de France - Companies Directorate - Companies Observatory
a Aggregate number of corporate bankruptcies over the past 12 months compared to the same aggregate one year and two years ago
b The line « All firms » includes legal units whose business sector is not known
B - Corporate bankruptcies by firm size
Bankruptcies in number of legal units, year on year change (%)
Aggregate over the last 12 months (a) (gross data)
Mar. 20 Mar. 21 Mar. 22 Mar. 22/Mar. 21 Mar. 22/Mar. 20 Apr. 22 prov. Apr. 22/Apr. 21 Mar. 22/Mar. 20
Size
SME, among them 47,079 28,021 30,141 7.6% -36.0% 30,895 7.6% -29.8%
Micro-enterprises and unknown firm's size 44,780 26,432 28,366 7.3% -36.7% 29,053 7.1% -30.5%
Very small firms 1,395 927 1,156 24.7% -17.1% 1,193 26.6% -10.2%
Small firms 652 465 467 0.4% -28.4% 479 3.5% -26.0%
Medium-size firms 252 197 152 -22.8% -39.7% 170 -10.1% -29.2%
ISE - Large Firms 26 52 22 -57.7% -15.4% 20 -59.2% -33.3%
All firms 47,105 28,073 30,163 7.4% -36.0% 30,915 7.4% -29.8%
Source: Banque de France - database: Fiben. Data available in early May 2022: final for March, provisional for April.
Calculation : Banque de France - Companies Directorate - Companies Observatory.
a Aggregate number of corporate bankruptcies over the past 12 months compared to the same aggregate one year and two years ago.
C - Changes in corporate bankruptcies
1 - Number of bankruptcies
Cumulated over previous 12 months
From Dec. 1991 to March 2022 (+ April 2022 provisional)
2 - Change in number of bankruptcies
Annual year-on-year change
From Dec. 1991 to March 2022 (+ April 2022 provisional)
(in %)
3 - Monthly number of bankruptcies
From Jan. 2019 to March 2022 (+ April 2022 provisional)
4 - Loan amounts of bankrupt non-financial firms over loan amount of all firms - by firm size
Cumulated over previous 12 months
From Dec. 2006 to March 2022 (+ April 2022 provisional)
(in %)
Source: Banque de France - database: Fiben. Data available in early May 2022: final for March, provisional for April.
More information on: methodology, time series, calendar
All the series published by the Banque de France are available at the following address
Webstat Banque de France
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Corporate bankruptcies
STAT INFO - April 2022
Contact: GPS.support@banque-france.fr

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Business failures - France
  • Published on 05/11/2022
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Published on Wednesday, May 11, 2022