Biographies of the members of the General Council

Portrait - François Villeroy de Galhau

François Villeroy de Galhau

Governor of the Banque de France

François Villeroy de Galhau was born in Strasbourg on 24 February 1959 into an industrial family from the East of France with roots in Saarland. He studied at the Lycée Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague and graduated from the École Polytechnique (class of 1978) and the ENA (class of 1984 “Louise Michel”). He is also a former Inspector of Finance.

From 1990 to 1993, he was European advisor to the Minister of Finance and Prime Minister Pierre Bérégovoy. He then held various posts at the French Treasury in Bercy, before becoming financial advisor at the Permanent Representation of France in Brussels. Under the government of Lionel Jospin, he was chief of staff of the Minister of the Economy and Finance, Dominique Strauss-Kahn from 1997 to 1999 and Christian Sautter from 1999 to 2000. He was head of the General Tax Directorate from 2000 to 2003.

In 2003, he became the Chief Executive Officer of Cetelem, the consumer credit company of BNP Paribas group, then headed the group's retail banking activities in France (2008). François Villeroy de Galhau served as Chief Operating Officer of BNP Paribas group, in charge of domestic markets then of corporate social responsibility, from 1 December 2011 until 1 May 2015, when the French government entrusted him with an assignment on investment financing.

François Villeroy de Galhau was appointed Governor of the Banque de France by the President of the French Republic on 30 September 2015 and took office on 1 November 2015. He is a member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank.



Denis Beau  

Denis Beau



First Deputy Governor of the Banque de France

Denis Beau has been Deputy Governor of the Banque de France since 1 August 2017. He has also been appointed by the Governor to represent him as Chairman of the Autorité de contrôle prudential et de résolution (French Prudential Supervision and Resolution Authority – ACPR). He is a member of the college of the Autorité des marchés financiers (French Financial Markets Authority – AMF) and of the Supervisory Board for the European Central Bank’s Single Supervisory Mechanism.
Denis Beau has also been appointed Chair of the Committee on Controlling (COMCO) of the ECB since 9 January 2018 and Chair of the Analytical Group on Vulnerabilities (AGV) of the Financial Stability Board (FSB) since March 2019.
Born in 1962, he joined Banque de France in 1986 after graduating from l’Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris. He subsequently received a Master degree in Business Administration from INSEAD. His career path at the Banque de France led him to hold management positions in the Financial Markets, Payments and Market Infrastructures and Economics and International Relations departments. He was seconded to the New York Fed (1997-1998) and served at the Bank for International Settlements as secretary of the G10 Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems (2007-2008). He was then appointed Director General of Financial Stability and Operations and a member of the Executive Committee of Banque de France. In this capacity he was a member of European and international committees dealing with monetary policy and financial stability issues and prudential regulation of banks (Euro Retail Payments Board, Committee on the Global Financial System, Basel Committee on Banking Supervision – co-chair of the Macroprudential Supervision Committee).
Denis Beau is a Chevalier of the French Legion of Honour.




Sylvie Goulard  

Sylvie Goulard

Second Deputy Governor of the Banque de France

Sylvie Goulard was appointed second deputy governor of the Banque de France by the Council of Ministers on 17 January 2018. She takes over from Anne le Lorier. She carried out most of her career in European institutions.
Born in 1964, Sylvie Goulard holds a law degree from the University of Aix-en-Provence (1984). She then graduated from the Institut d’études politiques in Paris (1986) and the Ecole nationale d’administration (1989). Upon leaving the ENA, she worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Legal Affairs Directorate, then the Centre for Analysis and Forecasting) and at the Conseil d’Etat. She has been an associate researcher at Sciences Po's Centre de recherches internationales (CERI). Between 2001 and 2004 she was political adviser to the President of the European Commission, Romano Prodi. From 2004 to 2006, she taught at Sciences Po Paris, in the framework of the joint degree course with the London School of Economics and the College of Europe in Bruges.

From 2009, she devoted herself to her mandate as MEP. As a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group, she sat on the Parliamentary Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) where she served as coordinator/spokesperson for the ALDE group. She was rapporteur or co-rapporteur for various legislative texts notably on:
- European financial supervision (creation of the systemic risk committee and of supervisory authorities for the banking and insurance sectors and for financial markets);
- reform of the stability and growth pact/euro area governance (“6 pack”, “2 pack”);
  banking union (creation of the Single Supervisory Mechanism; creation of the Single Resolution Board; bank structural reforms; deposit guarantee fund);
- solvency rules for insurers;
- the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base
She was also rapporteur for two own-initiative non-legislative reports on eurobonds and the role of the EU in global finance, and a member of temporary commissions on the financial crisis and tax matters (following LuxLeaks and the Panama Papers). From 2010 to 2017, she chaired the European Parliament Intergroup against Extreme Poverty.
She served as Minister of the Armed Forces (May-June 2017) in the first government of Édouard Philippe.
Sylvie Goulard is the author of L’Europe pour les Nuls (2007), De la démocratie en Europe (2012), co-written with Mario Monti, Europe, amour ou chambre à part? (2013), Goodbye Europe (2016).

Updated on: 01/21/2020 10:53