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Christian NOYER


Christian Noyer was born in 1950 near Paris. He studied law in Rennes and Paris and subsequently graduated from the Institut d'études politiques de Paris. In 1974, following his military service as an officer in the Navy, he entered the École nationale d'administration (ENA). Appointed to the Treasury in the Ministry of the Economy and Finance in 1976, he subsequently spent two years in Brussels (1980-82) at France's permanent representation to the European Communities. Back at the Treasury, he held a range of posts dealing with both domestic issues (government cash and debt management, banking affairs, financing of industry and state-owned enterprises) and international affairs (multilateral issues, export financing). He was appointed Head of the Treasury in 1993. Other posts held include advisor to Edouard Balladur, then Minister of Finance (1986-88), and Chief of Staff for two other Ministers of Finance, Edmond Alphandéry and Jean Arthuis (1993 and 1995-97 respectively). He was appointed Vice-President of the European Central Bank in 1998 when the institution was set up in Frankfurt, and occupied this position until 2002. 

 His European and international experience includes several years serving on the European Monetary Committee, the position of alternate for the Minister of Finance at the OECD, the G7 and the G10, the position of alternate Governor at the IMF and World Bank, and the chairmanship of the Paris Club (1993-1997). 

 Since 1 November 2003, he has been Governor of the Banque de France, where he chairs the General Council. He has been reapointed in October 2009. 

 He is Chairman of the "Autorité de contrôle prudential et de résolution" (ACPR), the Banking Mediation Committee and the Observatory for Payment Card Security. He also chairs the supervisory boards of the Institut d'émission des départements d'Outre-Mer (IEDOM - the French overseas departments note-issuing bank) and the Institut d'émission d'Outre-Mer (IEOM - the French overseas note-issuing bank). 

 He is a member of the Governing Council and General Council of the European Central Bank, Chairman of the Bank for International Settlements and alternate Governor at the International Monetary Fund. 

 He has been awarded the honours of Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur and Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Mérite in France also Commandeur dans l’ordre des Arts et des Lettres, and has received decorations from several other countries, notably the Ordre National du Lion from Senegal and the Gran Cruz de la Ordén del Mérito Civil from Spain. 

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